Exodus to Kansas

TESTIMONY OF BENJAMIN SINGLETON Washington, D. C., April 17, 1880 before the Senate Select Committee Investigating the "Negro Exodus from the Southern States"

Defending The "Negro Exodus," Richard T. Greener, Journal of Social Science, May 1880
Arguments Against The "Negro Exodus," Frederick Douglass, Journal of Social Science, May 1880

The Exodus, Fry Giles, Thirty Years In Topeka, 1886



Wyandotte and the First "Exodusters" of 1879, Glen Schwendemann, Kansas Historical Quarterly, Autumn 1960

The "Exodusters" on the Missouri, Glen Schwendemann, Kansas Historical Quarterly, Spring 1963

Archaeology of an Exoduster Neighborhood, National Parks Service Midwest Archaeological Center